Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) has designed a mixed-used development – De Rotterdam ‘Vertical City’ located in Rotterdam, Netherlands, with approximately 155.000 m2 floor area and 150 meters high, scheduled to be completed in 2011.
+ Project description courtesy of OMA
Part of an effort to regenerate the Kop van Zuid area of Rotterdam, these three multifunctional towers will feature space for corporate offices, residential apartments, a hotel / congress, restaurants, retail / public program and parking – creating a bustling vertical city that is active 24 hours a day.
The project is situated on the Wilhelminapier, near the Hotel New York, the Luxor Theater and the cruise terminal. The Wilhelminapier is part of the Kop van Zuid district of Rotterdam, close to the Erasmus Bridge, and will develop into an exclusive residential / commercial location in the future. De Rotterdam will be a mixture of uses, such as offices, apartments, hotel, congress, restaurants, retail / public program and parking. This mixed usage will enable the Wilhelminapier to develop into a genuine city center location, with a host of facilities ensuring that something is happening at all times.
The name of the building – De Rotterdam – recalls the maritime history of the area. In fact, the Wilhelminapier is the former departure point of the Holland-America line, from where tens of thousands of Europeans immigrated to the United States in decades past. One of this company’s famous ships was named De Rotterdam.
This building accommodates functions that create a synergetic use of the different facilities by the various occupants. For example, residents can use the fitness and catering facilities, and office users can benefit from the conference and hospitality facilities in the hotel and catering establishments.
The different programs are organized into different blocks, that – essentially shell and core – provide the individual users the great flexibility. The clustering of these blocks into a functioning ensemble creates a seemingly random composition that allows the building to blend into its context and yet maintain a distinctive look. Taking the mixed usage as the basis, OMA developed a very striking architectural concept – “the vertical city” – a building of approximately 155.000 m2 floor area and 150 meters high.
The ground floor is largely devoted to public amenities, combined with entrance lobbies of the offices, apartments and hotel. Three access cores suffice to serve the different parts of the building and provide access for each program. The lobbies for the offices and hotel, the restaurants and public program in the plinth are interconnected by a large public hall that serves as a general traffic hub for all the functions and users in the building.
+ Project credits / data
Project: De Rotterdam, Multi-Use Building, ‘Vertical City’
Status: Commission 1998. Groundbreaking scheduled: 2008, to be completed in 2011
Clients: De Rotterdam CV, The Hague (Bouwfonds MAB, The Hague / OVG, Rotterdam)
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Site: Former harbor waterfront between KPN tower and Cruise Terminal at Kop van Zuid
Program: Total 155.000 m2: offices 68.000m2; hotel / restaurant / congress 24.000m2; apartments 33.500m2; retail / public program 3.500m2; fitness 2.000m2; parking 24.000m2
Architect: Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA)
Partners-in-charge: Rem Koolhaas, Reinier de Graaf, Ellen van Loon
Project Architect: Kees van Casteren
Team 1998-2001 (a-z):
Christina Beaumont, Stefan Bendiks, Frans Blok, Robert Cheoff, Bert Karel Deuten, Sharon Goren, Juan Guardetti, Jens Holm, Alex de Jong, Adam Kurdahl, Carolien Ligtenberg, Anna Little, Nuno Rosado, Saskia Simon, Johan de Wachter, Barbara Wolff
Team 2007 (a-z):
Chantal Aquilina, Anita Ernödi, Markus Frank, Jonah Gamblin, Clarisa Garcia-Fresco, Alex de Jong, Michel van de Kar, Christoph Michael, Elida Mosquera, Mauro Parravicini, Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli, Raphael Pulido, Louise Sullivan, Olaf Turck, Manuel Villanueva
Chun Chiu, Duncan Flemington, Evangelos Kotsioris, Sören Martinussen, Nobuki Ogasahara, Theo Petrides, Benoit Schelstraete, Ian Schopa, Kyo Stockhaus, Joao Viera Costa, Luca Vigliero, Jussi Vuori, Jean-Paul Willemse
Building code consultant: ABT Bouwkunde, Arnhem / Delft
Structural engineer: Corsmit, Rijswijk
Service engineers: Valstar Simonis, Rijswijk (apartments, plinth) / Techniplan, Rotterdam (offices, hotel)
Façades: Permasteelisa, Middelburg (offices, hotel, plinth) / TGM, Asten (apartments)
Fire / wind consultant: DGMR, Arnhem