The Renova SP Contest, held by the City of São Paulo, Brazil, was a National Competition to select the best proposals for 22 different areas of the city to redevelop and urbanize slums and risky areas of the capital.
The development plan proposed for Jardim Japão I, a neighborhood of predominantly industrial use located on the east part of the city, establishes guidelines for the redevelopment process founded on the recovery of the existing urbanity through the intervention of the state.
The configuration of lots facing two major expressways generated in the interior of the area in irregular occupation, without any kind of spatial and social quality. The proposed design is structured in three basic axes of intervention: road restructuring, recovery of free spaces and housing as a form of urban renewal.
For the road is proposed to restructure a large linear park along the Avenida da Silveira Amaro Felicissimo that will connect the neighborhood with the Marginal Tietê and enable a better implementation between the two sides of the existing stream.
The water in this project is understood as an element of entertainment and education. The proximity of the population with clean water provides the improvement of urban environment. We propose the recovery of the existing stream, creating a floodplain area, which besides generating a zone of extravasation at the time of greatest rainfall, allows an extension of the new linear park.
The “squares bridges” proposed enable not only the pedestrian crossing, but create a large leisure area, integrated with the green area.
The removal of some slums allows the extension of the linear park along the neighborhood, which makes a new structural axis of the district, linking two important avenues and creating a green belt integrated to the linear parks.
The area in question is well served by public facilities such as schools, hospitals and community centers. The project aims to make existing equipment such as sprayers for improving the urban environment through restoration of open spaces near them, integrating them effectively into the city. Housing interventions were implemented at different scales, according to the availability of the site. A new commercial area is proposed along the linear park. On the top of a commercial complex will be located a community garden that has the potential to improve the quality of life by generating jobs and income for local people, and provide fresh food for the community.
The city law allows a higher density on the block formed by the streets Abel Marciano de Oliveira, Francisco Soldier Tambourine, Dona Maria and Avenue Felicissimo Amaro da Silveira. At this site, it is proposed a new residential area that would house those people who lived in the slums of the neighborhood.
Some pedestrian routes have been created on the axis road on the opposite side, allowing a better visual integration between the whole area. The implantation of the buildings allows an optimization of triangular vertical circulation, and generates internal courtyards of leisure for each block independently.
To the best use of the constructive potential of the ground it was decided to deploy towers of 9 floors, with the use of elevators for a total of 639 housing units.
Part of the slum between this court and the proposed new road will also be removed.
The construction system proposed for the buildings is structural masonry, chosen to reduce the volume of concrete and steel work, and accelerate their implementation, factors that reduce the added cost of implementing the project.
In order to generate a spatially more interesting for users, in addition to breaking the monotony of the facades, some common use areas are distributed along the corridors of the floors, interspersed by two distinct types of housing units. These two types share the same structural modulation, but with distinct internal distribution, enabling the variation of the positioning of balconies and window frames of the dormitories.
The housing units are composed of three structural modules totaling 50m ² of floor area. Each module has a “shaft” that meets the hydraulic toilet, laundry or kitchen depending on the floor.
For the users with special needs, a special unit was designed to be implanted on the ground floor of the building without elevator access.
+ Project credits / data
Project Team: André Dias Dantas, Bruno Bonesso Vitorino, Renato Dalla Marta, Aline Pek, Maíra Baltrush, Sarah Mota Prado, Anderson de Almeida, Camila Bellatini, Glaucia Hokama, Heitor Savala, Rafael Misato, Victor Vernaglia, Aline Cerqueira, Aline Pinheiro and Gisele Reitz.
Project Year: 2011